The Engagement Ring Guide

Engagement Ring Design Guide- Collage of custom made engagement rings

What's Possible?

Choosing your perfect engagement ring is an exciting process. With endless options for customisation, you can create a piece that captures your style and personality perfectly. This guide will help introduce you to some of the commonly used design options and terminology you may encounter and put you on the right path to creating your dream ring.

Which Metals Can I Choose From?

Here at Larsen, our focus is on creating jewellery that lasts a lifetime. When it comes to choosing a metal for an engagement ring, it’s important to choose a metal that is suitable for everyday wear. It is for this reason that we make all of our Larsen engagement rings with 18ct yellow, white and rose gold, as well as platinum.

Engagement rings in White gold, rose gold, yellow gold and platinum

18ct Gold

18ct gold is made from 75% pure gold. The other 25% is an alloy of other metals used to strengthen and also to adjust the colour of the metal. White gold for example, contains silver and palladium to give the metal its whiter colour, and rose gold contains more copper to produce a pink tone in the gold. Yellow gold is a balance of the two, in order to maintain the bright yellow hue of pure gold.



Platinum is another popular choice for engagement rings. Containing 95% platinum and only 5% other alloys, it retains its bright white colour whereas 18ct white gold needs to be routinely plated in rhodium to maintain it’s brightness. Although fine details lend themselves well to platinum, this metal can be more susceptible to scratches than white gold. For more information, please read our Platinum vs White Gold page.


Mixed Metal

Another option to consider is to create a ring using a combination of two or more metals. A popular example of this is to use a white gold setting on a yellow or rose gold ring so as to keep a neutral colour under and around the diamond.

Morning star engagement ring with diamond in rose gold with whit gold accents


Diamonds & Gemstones - Picking the Perfect Stone

When it comes to choosing the centrepiece for your engagement ring It can feel like you’re faced with endless options, so we have broken it down to a few simple categories to help you decide.


A collection of diamonds and coloured gemstones such as sapphired and rubies


As the traditional option, a diamond is a classic, enduring choice for an engagement ring. Diamonds are the hardest natural substance known to man, rating 10 on the Moh’s scale of hardness. This means it cannot be scratched by anything other than another diamond, so it will keep its crisp brilliance longer than all other gemstones. As well as their exceptional hardness, diamonds are prized for their ability to interact with light which provides us with those wonderful flashes of rainbow colours and that characteristic diamond “twinkle”. Head on over to our diamond education page to learn more about diamond characteristics.

Collection of diamonds in different shapes such as round brilliant, princess, cushion, oval and pear

Fancy Coloured Diamonds

The most popular diamonds are colourless, but the coloured varieties are equally beautiful. Diamonds occur naturally in many shades such as pale champagne colours to dark chocolate brown. Yellow diamonds are also increasingly popular and can be vivid in colour ranging to very subtle tints. The most valuable colours are also the rarest. Pink, red, blue and green natural diamonds are among some of the most beautiful and the most collectable gemstones in the world.

Fancy coloured diamonds in a range of colours such as pink, blue, vivid yellow and cognac.

Coloured Gemstones

Choosing a coloured gemstone is a beautiful way of creating a unique engagement ring that complements the personality of its wearer. There are many different types of coloured gemstones out there, but not all are suitable for everyday wear. A gemstone’s hardness and ability to resist fractures are important considerations for an engagement ring.

Corundum - Sapphires and Rubies

For a coloured stone that ticks all the boxes for durability, beauty and colour range we recommend corundum – a crystal better known as sapphires and rubies. Corundum is the next hardest natural mineral to diamond, making it highly scratch resistant and a perfect choice for every-day wear.

While sapphires are most known for their stunning blue hues, they can be sourced in many other colours including gorgeous tones of green, yellow, pink, orange, black, purple, teal, mauve… almost any colour you can think of. A red corundum is referred to as a ruby.

The price range of sapphires and rubies is just as varied as their colour range. Here at Larsen, our gemmologists can source specific sapphires that suit your preference for colour, shape and budget. You will have the opportunity to view any sourced gemstones in person before you commit to purchase, so you can be 100% confident that you have the perfect stone for your ring.

A collection of sapphires and rubies displaying a range of colours including blue, red, pink, green

This image captures an example of the wide variety of colours and intensities for which sapphires are famous


Diamonds and coloured gemstones come in a wide variety of shapes. The most common of these are round brilliant, princess, cushion, radiant, asscher, emerald, marquise, pear, oval and heart.

The iconic round brilliant cut is the most popular shape worldwide accounting for over 75% of diamonds purchased, followed by cushion cut (square with rounded edges) and oval cut.

The shape of your centre stone is a very personal choice and each cut comes with a wide variety of ring designs to suit. At Larsen Jewellery we can create a completely unique design for you using the shape of your centre stone as inspiration.

Diamond shapes including, oval, pear, marquise,cushion, princess, radiant, asscher, emerald, heart

Side Stones

A popular choice for adding sparkle to your design is to add accent diamonds or gemstones around the centre stone. Whether they’re in a halo, a cluster, framing the centre stone or down the length of the band, these diamonds can add stunning detail and bring your engagement ring design to life.


Engagement ring designs which feature diamond accents on the shoulders also knows as side stones


Generally, accent stones that add sparkle to a band are small and round in shape, but some designs lend themselves to square or rectangular stones offering a cleaner, more geometric look. Other unique shapes for accent diamonds include trillion, baguette, pear, marquise, halfmoon, trapezoid and bullet shapes which can create a lovely frame to a larger centre stone.

Design Styles

At Larsen Jewellery, our specialty is bespoke engagement rings where each design is custom made to your unique specifications. Getting to know the existing design terms that describe certain popular styles can help you understand your preferences and give you ideas on where to start.


Elegance White Gold Engagement Ring

The solitaire style, as the name suggests, refers to a ring with a single stone. Although solitaire designs are typically associated with round diamonds, a solitaire design can feature any stone or shape. This style is elegant and minimalist allowing the chosen diamond or coloured stone to take centre stage.

Shoulder Stones

Rings with shoulder settings have smaller stones (usually diamonds) that run along the band on either side of the centre stone. There are many creative ways that shoulder stones can be positioned on a ring – along a straight band is a classic example, but we can also create a band that splits into two or crosses over on either side of the centre setting. As a general rule, shoulder stones run down the ring from the centre setting to halfway down the band.

Engagement Rings for the Frugal Bride


Rosetta Brilliant Platinum Engagement Ring

A halo is the term used for a circle of small diamonds (or coloured gemstones) that surround a centre stone. A halo gives the illusion of extra sparkle and is a popular choice for emphasising the size of the centre diamond or gemstone. The halo usually sits tight to the centre stone and contains small diamonds to enhance this illusion. Halo designs look beautiful with or without shoulder diamonds set into the band.


As a slight deviation from a halo, a cluster design tends to have larger diamonds surrounding the centre stone. There is more of an emphasis on the surrounding stones, making a cluster more of a statement than a halo. Clusters and haloes are usually categorised together however they are slightly different.

Celestial Yellow Gold Engagement Ring


Trio with Sapphire White Gold Engagement Ring

A trilogy, or 3-stone design incorporates three main diamonds or gemstones. Generally, the centre stone is the largest and the stones on either side are smaller, but they can also be the same size. The three stones can be the same shape or a combination of one shape for the centre and a different shape either side.


Examples of vintage designs can be found in any of the above categories, but certain features distinguish them from modern designs. Intricate details such as scrolls, flourishes, filigree, engraving and millgrain finishes with grain set diamonds on the shoulders are features to consider for antique style appeal. These features will be elaborated on in the settings and finishing touches sections of this guide.

Baroque White Gold Engagement Ring

Cathedral Style

Swing Trio Platinum Engagement Ring

This style has been given this name because it mimics the curves and arches often seen in the ceilings and roof trusses of cathedrals. A cathedral design will have shoulders that sweep upwards from the band creating curved, triangular openings either side of the setting.

Setting Styles - Encasing Your Stones

There are many setting styles available for securing your centre stone and accent stones. This guide will outline the most popular setting styles and show the visual differences between them.

Claw Setting

White gold ballerina Engagement Ring

The most popular option for centre stones, a claw setting consists of round wire prongs which clasp over the top of the stone to secure it into the ring. Round stones are most commonly set in 4-claw or 6-claw designs and other cuts are set based on the best alignment for their shape. For example, square and rectangular cut stones are typically set in 4-claw settings to protect each corner. Pear shape and marquise cut diamonds are usually set with V shaped claws on to protect the points with additional claws positioned on the curved sides.

Microclaw Setting

Accent stones like haloes and shoulder diamonds also have setting options. The most popular of these options is microclaw setting, this is where claws are carved from the sides of the band creating a secure setting for each individual diamond. With this technique, there is minimal metal visible around the diamonds allowing for a finer looking band with a lot of sparkle.

Rosetta Oval Peach Sapphire Engagement Ring

Grain Setting

Victoria White Gold Engagement Ring


Grain setting, also called bead setting, is achieved by drilling under each stone allowing the diamond to drop in and sit almost flush with the surface of the metal. The stones are then secured by raising a bead of metal from the ring and pushing it over the edge of the stone. This setting features heavily in accent stones for vintage designs.

A variation of grain setting, known as Pavé setting, refers to multiple rows of grain set diamonds offset from each other. Translated from French, Pavé means paved which is why the term is used when diamonds form the appearance of a paved-like surface across the band.


Channel Setting

As the name suggests, a channel setting is created when a channel is carved out of the ring and diamonds are placed side by side between the walls. The top edges of these walls are then lightly hammered securing the diamonds inside the channel.

Encore Yellow Gold Engagement Ring

Bezel Setting

Empress White Gold Engagement Ring


Bezel setting, also called rubover or gypsy setting, is where the stones are secured into the ring by a fine rim of metal. The bezel is smooth around the circumference of the stone and protects the edges from knocks. It is worth keeping in mind that it also hides more of the diamond or gemstone than a claw setting. Partial and half bezel setting styles are variations where the metal doesn’t fully encircle the stone. These can also be considered depending on the design along with the suitability of the stone.

Finishing Touches

There are many details, both bold and intricate, which we can employ to create a unique engagement ring.

Filigree & Wirework

Open sections of the ring which contain intricate details are perfect for antique-inspired designs. A ring can feature these details in the centre setting alone or right throughout the top section.

Florence Yellow Gold Engagement Ring

Florence design with filigree work under the setting


Millgrain refers to a technique where tiny beads are created along an edge of a ring, it looks particularly effective on grain set bands. This stippled effect features strongly in antique rings and is perfect to incorporate in vintage designs.

Venezia White Gold Engagement Ring

The Venezia design is finished with millgrain detail surrounding the grain set halo and along the centre bezel

Engraving Detail

Fine flourishes can be carved into the surface of rings through hand engraving by a master engraver. The detail achieved in the finely scored patterns of a hand engraved ring is unrivalled.

Bluebell Engraved White Gold Engagement Ring

Bluebell (Engraved) is a stunning example of the fine detail that can be added by hand

Message Inscription

Final touches can also be applied on the inside of the band. What could be sweeter than choosing a secret message for your significant other and having it inscribed by a master engraver?

Quality Considerations

At Larsen Jewellery, we believe in creating personalised and unique pieces that can be cherished for a lifetime. Ensuring your jewellery can stand the test of time with everyday wear means paying special attention to the structural integrity of every piece we make. We design and create rings that adhere to our strict quality standards, including sourcing and certification, without compromising on their strength or beauty. 

All of our pieces come with a lifetime guarantee so you can feel confident in the knowledge that your piece has been made with the highest quality materials and is designed to last. The outcome is elegant, expertly made rings that will be proudly worn for years to come. We encourage you to visit us every year to have your ring inspected and cleaned, ensuring it is kept in great condition.

How Much Are Engagement Rings?

You should be able to create an engagement ring for pretty much every budget. Our rings start from about $3,000 to whatever budget you’re comfortable with.

Some design choices you can make if you’re looking to get more for less include:

  • Choosing a coloured gem for your centre stone: Designs like the Nouvelle Lune, Peach Rosetta & Aquarius.
  • Choosing a fancy cut diamond rather than a round brilliant: Designs like the Lyra, Aura, & Celestial.
  • Adding side stones or a halo to enhance the sparkle and size of the design: Like in the Bloom, Swing Trio & Aurelia designs.
  • Going for a more delicate design with a thinner band: You can see this in the Ballerina, Cupid & Elegance designs.
  • Choosing to forgo a centre stone altogether: Like the Vine (wedding ring) design.

Tips For Proposing

We get a lot of questions on the best way to propose. Should I propose with a ring I’ve already chosen? Should we design a ring together? This helpful guide gives you some suggestions for how get the proposal just right.

If you come into one of our studios in Sydney, Melbourne or Brisbane, our friendly staff can guide you through the process.

Other Design Considerations

In this guide so far, we have covered most of the elements that go into designing a custom-made engagement ring. There are some other aspects to consider from a design perspective. Would you like the centre setting to sit proudly above the band or to sit as low as possible against the finger? Would a cathedral setting be preferable to a ring with low shoulders? Your occupation and day-to-day activities may also factor in some design choices.

Another thing to consider is whether the engagement ring should be able to sit flush with a wedding ring. Most of our engagement ring designs are made to sit with a straight wedding band next to it. In designs where the base of the setting comes out further than the band, a wedding ring will need to be specially fitted around the setting. Our talented team of jewellers and designers will always be happy to give their advice on all design options.

For Petite Fingers

Firstly, for people with fingers that appear short, we suggest that it is a good idea to steer clear of wide rings. Fine, narrow rings are a much better option for creating the illusion of long fingers. Another consideration when choosing the shape of your centre stone is cuts which are elongated.

Shapes such as marquise, radiant or even oval cut allow the eye to be drawn down the length of the finger making it appear longer. There are many options, so there is no need to be concerned that your choice will be limited. A good jeweller will be able to help you come up with a beautiful design that suits you and your style.

For Long Fingers

For those with long fingers, you have the freedom to experiment with big and bold styles. Large stones look fabulous on your finger, so an engagement ring might be the perfect piece to splurge on something extra special. If a large stone is not an option, try creating a stack of rings or an art deco style, multi-stone ring that extends along your finger.

For Wide Fingers

For those with wide fingers then avoid stones that are narrow. Three stone and cluster designs are the perfect fit for you. Choose either a wide band that narrows towards the setting or a band that flares out as it meets the stone, both these options are more flattering than a ring that has the same width band all the way around.

Are There Any Designs That Can be Tricky to Resize?

There are certain designs that can be more complex to resize. These include rings that have gemstones that are set all the way around as well as rings that have a detailed hand-engraved patterns. To avoid running into any issues with these styles, one solution we recommend is to leave a blank section at the bottom of your ring to allow for any potential resizing in the future.

What if My Knuckle is Bigger Than the Rest of My Finger?

Sometimes the ring is slightly loose once the ring is over the knuckle and the ring spins a little too easily. There are a couple of things that can be done to help reduce this. If this issue is known in the design phase, then the shape of the band can be designed to add contact points. Adding features inside the band or, if possible, squaring the ring can keep the ring fitting firmer on the finger.

At times you may notice the ring may spin a little, even with the perfect fit. This is because engagement rings are usually top-heavy and gravity will tend to move them from side to side. Something to keep in mind is once a wedding ring is added beside the engagement ring, the engagement ring will sit in a slightly thicker part of the finger making it feel firmer and making it less prone to spinning.

Skin Tone

The general guide is white coloured metals suit cooler skin tones and gold suits warmer skin tones. In the middle is rose gold, which many would agree is the most versatile and suits most skin tones.

Those with a pink / rosy undertone who sunburn easily and find it difficult to tan usually fall under the cool skin tone category. The opposite of this, those with darker / olive skin who are less susceptible to sunburn and tan naturally fall into the warm skin tone.

If you don’t fall into either of these two categories then you most likely have ‘neutral’ skin tone. Neutral skin tones will easily suit most coloured metals and gemstones.

If you have cooler skin tone then bright colours like blue, pink, green and purple will look great on you. If you have warmer skin tones then earthier colours such as oranges, browns, yellows, reds and darker hues will look great on you.

Emerald Halo Engagement Ring White Gold | Emerald Serenity

Sky Oval Platinum Engagement Ring

The Emerald Serenity design has a narrow bridge under the setting and will allow a straight wedding band to sit next to it without gaps. The Sky (Oval) is wider where the setting rests against the finger and needs a curved wedding band fitted to its shape.

Not sure where to start?

Get in touch and one of our jewellers will be happy to answer your questions, or browse our engagement ring galleries to get inspired.

Frequently Asked Questions

Still have questions? We’re happy to answer them! 

How do you design an engagement ring?

Designing an engagement ring can seem like a daunting task, but chances are it’s easier than you think. Once you start looking at different engagement ring design ideas, you’ll usually find there are some things you love and others you don’t. If you’re having your ring custom made, you can incorporate all your favourite elements and create a style that is perfect for you.

What are the styles of engagement rings?

Engagement ring designs usually fall into the following categories: Solitaire, Halo, Three-Stone, Side Stones or Other. Our Engagement Ring Design Guide breaks down each of these styles with pictures for inspiration. You’ll also find designs categorised into Vintage, Contemporary, Classic and Bohemian styles.

What does an engagement ring symbolise?

Engagement rings symbolise your intention to marry. Traditionally the completed ring is presented to the bride-to-be during a marriage proposal, but it is not always a surprise. Many couples are now opting to design the engagement ring together. Sometimes a temporary engagement ring, or proposal ring, is used as a place-holder until you find your perfect engagement ring.

What is the most popular engagement ring design?

It is widely accepted that solitaire style engagement rings are the most popular. These are engagement ring designs that feature just one single diamond or gemstone. Halo designs and engagement rings with side stones are also very popular, especially when the main stone is a coloured diamond or gemstone.

How do I choose the right engagement ring?

Whether you are looking for an engagement ring alone or with your partner, you’ll often find you get to the “right” ring quite quickly. The engagement ring that is right for you is the one that you love to look at, love to wear and that fits in to your budget.

What is a good colour for an engagement ring?

Colour is always a personal choice. Not everyone feels comfortable featuring colour in their engagement ring. There are different metal colours you can choose from and an entire rainbow of coloured gemstones. You can choose subtle pastel shades or intense bold colours, the choice is entirely up to you and your own individual style.

Talk to an expert

Sydney: (02) 9223 2006
Melbourne: (03) 9662 3005
Brisbane: (07) 3051 0839
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